In the last few decades, the food processing industry has been scaling new heights. This is because businesses are aggressively manufacturing processed foods and we are more aggressively consuming them. Whether you give this credit to their taste or applaud their marketers, the truth is that we alone are responsible for such a huge production of processed foods. In fact, we do not even consider the fact that the production of processed food hurts the environment terribly.
We are satisfying our taste buds at the cost of environmental health. Today, you are going to learn 5 different ways about how the production of processed foods affects the environment.
1. Shortage of Fertile Land
By evaluating the market of processed foods, you will find that the major portion is occupied by animal-based and added sugar products. For the production of animal-based foods, large areas are used to keep the livestock (it can be non-arable) and fertile land is required to grow food for them. On the other hand, the production of sugar crops also occupies a lot of space and evaluation reveals that sugar production is not coming down in the near future. All this leads to the unavailability of fertile land.
2. Loss of Biodiversity
Production of processed foods affects biodiversity in different ways. For example:
- In order to increase the land needed for producing processed foods, deforestation is taking place at a rapid pace. As a result, it destroys the natural flora and fauna.
- To increase livestock production, more and more natural land is being transformed into pastures. Moreover, the areas where livestock graze and all other nearby surroundings become less natural and not fit for agriculture.
- The marine ecosystem is severely affected by the production of processed foods. The fertilizers and pesticides used in sugarcane and beet crops run down into the nearby water bodies during rainfall. This contaminates the water bodies and damages the marine ecosystem.
3. Reduction of Fossil Fuels
All the raw materials needed for manufacturing processed foods are transported from their origin to factories. Then after production, these finished processed foods are transported from factories to distributors, dealers, and then to your nearby stores. During this transportation, a large amount of fuel is burnt, and harmful greenhouse gases are emitted – and greenhouse gas emissions are the main reason behind the depletion of the ozone layer. All this harms the environment and also increases the amount of fossil fuels causing further damage.
4. Water Scarcity
Water is probably the major necessity for producing any kind of food; you require it for growing the crops and feeding the animals as well. A massive increase in the production of processed foods has also directly increased the consumption of water. The production of sugarcane requires a large amount of water in comparison to other crops. Moreover, meat products also require a large quantity of water; firstly, animals need a lot of water to drink and secondly, the crops they eat require water to grow. This critical need for water is often fulfilled by nearby natural water streams but increased use of these natural resources is causing water shortages.
5. Increased Waste
Processed foods come packed. When these foods are consumed, their packaging is of no use and goes into landfills. Any expired packaged food is also sent to landfills. All this increases the amount of waste which further creates problems for the environment. During the decomposition of this waste, methane gas is released. As you know, methane is one of the greenhouse gases and many scientists believe it adversely affects the temperature and climate of our earth. So, it can be concluded that one of the major reasons behind global warming or change in climate is increased waste.
Every step involved in the production of processed foods – production, processing, transporting, storing, distributing, and marketing – impacts the environment in one way or the other. A lack of awareness is behind the increased demand for processed foods, and food manufacturers in order to earn more profits, are avoiding facing the environmental impact of producing their processed foods. Yet, a few mindful decisions made by end consumers like you, can prove to be decisive in saving the environment.